Media Development and Production


Media Development and Production

Chronology for Unit 1

1497 John Cabot’s first voyage to North America.
c. 1500 Atlantic fisheries are established.
1670 The granting of the Hudson’s Bay Company charter.
1731 La VĂ©rendrye begins his western explorations.
1759 The British Conquest of New France.
1773 Boston Tea Party.
1774 Hudson’s Bay Company establishes its first inland post, Cumberland House.
1779 The first major partnership which would form the North West Company in 1783 is established.
1782–1784 Loyalist migrations occur.
1787 The Nor’Westers form the Beaver Club in Montreal.
c. 1800 The North West Company feeds approximately 1200 to 1500 Native wives and children at its posts in the interior.
1812 The Red River Colony is established by Lord Selkirk.
1816 The Seven Oaks Incident, when Metis nationalism first burst on the scene.
1818 The first Roman Catholic Church is established in Red River.
1820 McGill University opens.
1821 The merger of the Hudson’s Bay Company and North West Company. Hundreds of redundant mixed-blood servants settle at Red River.
1826 George Simpson becomes governor of all Hudson’s Bay Company territories.
1837 Rebellions occur in Upper and Lower Canada.
1849 The trial of William Sayer, which leads to the proclamation of free trade in Western Canada and the end of the Hudson’s Bay Company monopoly.
1859 The first steam riverboat arrives at Red River.
1867 The Confederation of Canada.
1869 The first Riel Rebellion.
1870 The Manitoba Act allots 1.4 million acres (566,580 ha) to mixed-blood Red River families.
1871 The first of the numbered Indian Treaties in Western Canada is signed.
1873 The first distribution of Metis lands occurs.
1874 Fort Macleod is established by the North-West Mounted Police.
1877 Treaty No. 7 is signed with the Blackfoot peoples.
1883 Riel becomes an American citizen.
1885 The second Riel Rebellion. Riel is hanged.

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